Megan’s Law did not reduce the number of rearrests for sex offenses, nor did it have any demonstrable effect on the time between when sex offenders were released from prison and the time they were rearrested for any new offense, such as a drug, theft or sex offense.
Zgoba & Bachar; “Sex Offender Registration and Notification: Limited Effects in New Jersey”, U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, National Institute of Justice, April 2009
“Recidivism of Sex Offenders Released From Prison in 1994” showed that 517 (5.3%) of the 9,691 released sex offenders were arrested for committing a sex crime within three years of their release. There were also 262,420 prisoners with no history of conviction for sex crimes released at the same time, and 3,328 (1.3%) of those were arrested for a sex crime within 3 years. 87% of those who were arrested for a sex crime during that three year period were not listed on the registry, and the community could not be warned about them.
The California Sex Offender Management Board reported that some 90% of all persons (not just former prisoners) convicted of a sex crime have had no prior conviction for a sex crime. 90% won’t be on the registry yet, no one can warn you about 90% of them.
“Results provide no support for the effectiveness of registration and community notification laws in reducing sexual offending by: (a) rapists, (b) child molesters, (c) sexual recidivists, or (d) first-time sex offenders. Analyses also showed that over 95% of all sexual offense arrests were committed by first-time sex offenders, casting doubt on the ability of laws that target repeat offenders to meaningfully reduce sexual offending.”
Sandler, Freeman, Socia; “Does A Watched Pot Boil? A Time-Series Analysis of New York State’s Sex Offender Registration and Notification Law”; Psychology, Public Policy, and Law 2008, Vol. 14, No. 4, 284-302
In 2009, the Broward County Florida Board of County Commissioners, Sexual Offender & Sexual Predator Residence Task Force published its “Final Report”.
“We reviewed available research about the effectiveness of residence restrictions and found no empirical evidence to indicate that these laws achieve their intended goals of preventing abuse, protecting children, or reducing reoffending.”
“In addition to the lack of research supporting the effectiveness of these laws in preventing abuse, there is mounting evidence that these laws diminish housing availability and increase transience, homelessness and instability for offenders.” All known to increase risk for recidivism.
Ok, if these laws prevent just one child from being victimized, then they are worthwhile – right? Prescott and Rockoff, “Do Sex Offender Registration and Notification Laws Affect Criminal Behavior?” A study praised for it’s rigorous standards, reported that while community notification may have resulted in some reduction in first-time offending, sex crime recidivism by convicted sex offenders increased when community notification was implemented. The net effect is, at best, zero.
Always ensure the child is closely supervised by someone you can trust, then you don’t have to worry about who is and who isn’t on the registry, the child is protected
And no, I don’t check the registry, there’s a small chance the registrant is really dangerous, there are too many not on it, it’s a waste of time.
Every time I put links in the source box, they get shortened and don’t work. Just copy and paste. Just wondering if you are doing this for a class, can provide more research if needed. Good luck with the research in any case.